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  1. U.S. Constitution › Article III

Article III

Section 1.

The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.

Section 2.

The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority;–to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls;–to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction;–to controversies to which the United States shall be a party;–to controversies between two or more states;– between a state and citizens of another state ;–between citizens of different states;–between citizens of the same state claiming lands under grants of different states, and between a state, or the citizens thereof, and foreign states, citizens or subjects.

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.

The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any state, the trial shall be at such place or places as the Congress may by law have directed.

Section 3.

Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.

The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted.

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Article 3

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Article 3

What is Article 3 of the Constitution?


Article 3 of the United States Constitution is the section that creates the judicial branch in the United States. The Judicial branch is the system of courts that look at the law and applies it to different cases. In the United States, the judicial branch of the federal government includes the United States Supreme Court and all the lower courts that are created by Congress

How is Article 3 Broken Down?


Article 3 of the United States Constitution is broken down into just three sections. Each of these sections look at different parts of the court system in the United States.
Section 1 of Article 3 of the Constitution
Section 1 of Article 3 of the Constitution creates the federal courts in the United States. In this part of Article 3, it says that the federal court system must have one Supreme Court. In this Supreme Court, there must be a Chief Justice who presides over the court. While Section 1 of Article 3 does not say how many justices there must be, the current law says that there must be nine justices, one of them being the Chief Justice. Article 3 does not say there has to be any lower courts. Instead, Congress is given the power to create and remove lower courts. Section 1 of Article 3 also says that judges can hold their offices for the rest of their lives or until they are convicted or impeached by Congress. The last part of Section 1 of Article 3 says that a judge’s pay cannot be decreased while they are in office, but it can be increased.
Section 2 of Article 3 of the Constitution
Section 2 of Article 3 of the Constitution talks about the powers of the judicial branch and explains who gets each power. This describes which cases a court can preside over and what topics those cases can be about. Section 2 of Article 3 states that the Supreme Court has the right to hear any case for the first time, meaning that the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction. This section also says that crimes have to be tried by a jury unless the defendant does not want one.

Section 3 of Article 3 of the Constitution
Section 3 of Article 3 of the Constitution only talks about treason. This part of Article 3 says that treason is when someone tries to attack or wage war against the United States or if he or she tries to help enemies do so in some way. In order to prove that someone committed treason, there must be at least two different witnesses to the act, or the person must confess to treason.

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