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These 3 mushrooms grow in the colder and wetter places on Earth. Therefore they are no good to grow indoors. This means that growing these mushrooms is not for everybody. You must live in a place where autumn is cold and wet and besides you need to find a location where you can lay the bed and where it is safe throughout the year.
We are thinking of a bed in the garden (or woods) of 80 * 80 * 10 cm.
These mushrooms come up in the autumn and in the beginning of the winter. The whole process from preparing the spawn until the mushrooms come out is a process that will take very long. If you want to harvest these mushrooms in the autumn, you actually must start at the beginning of the year (Jan/Feb).
The growing process normally has 3 phases: – preparing the spawn – growing the mycelium outdoors – growing the mushrooms
First you must prepare the spawn. You do not need that much: 300 to 400 ml. is enough. Rye is the best basis for spawn and the mycelium of these mushrooms grows best in the incubator with a temperature of 20 °C.
When the rye is totally colonized, it is time for the next step in preparing the spawn. The Psilocybe azurescens, cyanescens and baeocystis love woodchips. The colonized rye will also be helpful in colonizing a part of the woodchips with mycelium.
It does not really matter what kind of woodchips you use. In general the mushrooms grow very well on almost all kinds of woodchips. We use the ones that you can buy in the pet shops to use as underground for your pet house.
Before you inoculate the woodchips with the colonized rye, you must first soften them by soaking them. Fill up 2 pots of 1000 ml for 60% with small woodchips and totally cover the woodchips with water. Let them soak for 48 hours. After 48 hours let the 2 pots with the woodchips leak out in a strainer. Do this very thoroughly. Fill the 2 pots again with the prepared woodchips and close the pots with a lid with a filter. The pots must be now sterilized for 1 hour on 15 psi. Let the pots quietly cool down afterwards.
If the pots have cooled down entirely, you can start to inoculate with rye. Divide de rye over the 2 pots. After inoculation you must give the 2 pots a good shake to spread the rye. After that, place the pots in the incubator (18 – 20 °C.).
After 2 up to 4 weeks the pots have been entirely colonized. From time to time shake the pots well to speed up the process. Once this has happened, it is time to prepare for the open air.
For an outside ‘bed’ of 80 * 80*10 cm. you need approximately 10 liters of woodchips. It is all right if these woodchips are a bit larger than the ones you used for making the brood. Put these 10 liters in a garbage bag and add plenty water. Let this now soak for 24 hours. After these 24 hours the bag must leak out entirely. Make some small holes in the bag tot make that happen. And cut off, after a while, the corners on the bottom of the garbage bag. Wait till there is no more water left.
Put your boots on! Go outside and dig a hole in the ground of your desired size. It is smart to choose a spot with much shade. Scatter a layer of 4 – 5 centimeters woodchips on the floor. Take the 2 pots with brood (loosened up by shaking) and scatter these over the complete bed. Cover this again with a few centimeters of wet woodchip. The bed is almost ready now. Irrigate the bed and cover it with a garbage bag. This makes the bed the ideal environment for the mushrooms, nice wet and dark. You can keep the bag in its place by laying some stones on the edge.
The best time of the year to make such an outside bed is around March/April. Your work is down for now. During spring and summer the mycelium needs enough time to build a firm network thorough the whole bed of woodchips. Verify, however, on a regular basis if the bed still has a nice humid condition. Spray the bed with water if nescessary.
At the beginning of September the weather becomes colder and wetter: the ideal circumstances for the growing mushrooms. Remove the garbage bag and give the bed, if needed, a good irrigation to keep it humid. You will probably see a number of insects and other small beasts walking around in and on your bed. Do not worry; these small creatures will not damage your work. They do not have an influence on the quality of the bed or the growing of your mushrooms, except in extreme cases (plagues etc.) I would almost say: give them the space and let them enjoy the mycelium…
It is difficult to indicate when the mushrooms will rise. This is entirely dependent on the specific weather of that particularly autumn. You can expect them from mid- September up to beginning December. Care at all times that the bed will not dry out.
It can be that in one autumn several flushes will rise. After the last flush you can simple leave the bed. The mycelium should not have too much trouble surviving the winter and giving flushes the next year. It is nevertheless wise to spread out, at the beginning of a new spring, a fresh layer of woodchips on the bed.
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Stamets & Gartz (1995)
|gills on hymenium|
| cap is convex|
| hymenium is adnate|
|stipe is bare|
| spore print is blackish-brown|
|ecology is saprotrophic|
Psilocybe azurescens is a psychedelic mushroom whose main active compounds are psilocybin and psilocin . It is among the most potent  of the tryptamine-bearing mushrooms, containing up to 1.8% psilocybin, 0.5% psilocin, and 0.4% baeocystin by dry weight, averaging to about 1.1% psilocybin and 0.15% psilocin, makes it one of the strongest mushrooms in psilocybe genus. It belongs to the family Hymenogastraceae in the order Agaricales .
- 1 Appearance
- 2 Habitat and distribution
- 3 Legal status
- 4 Effects
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Appearance[ edit ]
The cap ( pileus ) of Psilocybe azurescens is 30–100 mm in diameter, conic to convex, expanding to broadly convex and eventually flattening with age with a pronounced, persistent broad umbo ; surface smooth, viscous when moist, covered by a separable gelatinous pellicle ; chestnut to ochraceous brown to caramel in color often becoming pitted with dark blue or bluish black zones, hygrophanous , fading to light straw color in drying, strongly bruising blue when damaged; margin even, sometimes irregular and eroded at maturity, slightly incurved at first, soon decurved, flattening with maturity, translucent striate and often leaving a fibrillose annular zone in the upper regions of the stipe. Lamellae ascending, sinuate to adnate, brown, often stained into-black where injured, close, with two tiers of lamellulae, mottled, edges whitish. Spore-print dark purplish brown to purplish black in mass. Stipe 90–200 mm long by 3–6 mm thick, silky white, dingy brown from the base or in age, hollow at maturity. Composed of twisted, cartilaginous tissue. Base of stipe thickening downwards, often curved, and characterized by coarse white aerial tufts of mycelium , often with azure tones. Mycelium surrounding stipe base densely rhizomorphic (i.e., root-like), silky white, tenaciously holding the wood-chips together, strongly bruising bluish upon disturbance. They have no odor to slightly farinaceous. Their taste is extremely bitter.
Habitat and distribution[ edit ]
This species occurs naturally along a small area of the West Coast of the United States including parts of Oregon and California.  It has been regularly found as far south as Depoe Bay, Oregon , and as far north as Grays Harbor County, Washington . Its primary locations are clustered around the Columbia River Delta: the first type collections were made in Hammond, Oregon , near Astoria . It is also quite prevalent north of the Columbia River in Washington, from Long Beach north to Westport . Some feral specimens have also been reported in Stuttgart, Germany. While infrequent, they can sometimes be found around decaying wood in the Willamette Valley of Oregon. Also Ilwaco, Washington , has a large population, but harvesting is a potential felony that is enforced by local law enforcement agencies. 
The species’ preferred environment ranges from caespitose (growing in tight, separated clusters) to gregarious on deciduous wood-chips and/or in sandy soils rich in lignicolous (woody) debris. The mushroom has an affinity for coastal dune grasses.  In aspect it generates an extensive, dense and tenacious mycelial mat ( collyboid ); Psilocybe azurescens causes the whitening of wood. Fruitings begin in late September and continue until “late December and early January,” according to the mycologist Paul Stamets.  Psilocybe azurescens has been cultivated in many countries including Germany ,  Netherlands , New Zealand, Rotherham and the United States ( California , New Mexico , Ohio , Oregon , Vermont , Wisconsin , Pennsylvania .). 
Legal status[ edit ]
Possession and/or cultivation of this species is illegal in a number of countries including the United States, and it is considered a Class A Drug in New Zealand.
Effects[ edit ]
|Name||Psilocybin [% of weight]||Psilocin [% of weight]||Baeocystin [% of weight]||Total [% of weight]|
See also[ edit ]
- List of psilocybin mushrooms
- Psilocybin mushrooms
References[ edit ]
- ^ Paul Stamets, A Comparison of Combined Maxima of Psilocybin, Psilocin and Baeocystin in Eleven Species of Psilocybe Fungi Perfecti
- ^ Guzman, Gaston; Allen, John W.; Gartz, Jochen (1998). “A Worldwide Geographical Distribution of the Neurotropic Fungi, An Analysis and Discussion” . Annali del Museo Civico di Rovereto. 14: 219, 223. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
- ^ Chinook Observer, No high for ‘shroom’ hunter in court trip
- ^ a b Stamets, Paul (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-9610798-0-0 . p. 95.
- ^ a b Gastón Guzmán , John W. Allen, Jochen Gartz (1998). “A worldwide geographical distribution of the neurotropic fungi, an analysis and discussion” (pdf). Annali del Museo civico di Rovereto (14): 189–280. (on Fondazione Museo Civico di Rovereto)
- ^ Approximate Alkaloid Content of selected Psilocybe mushrooms , Erowid.org, retrieved 2012-10-08
External links[ edit ]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Psilocybe azurescens .|
- Psilocybe azurescens on Google Images
- Psilocybe azurescens taxonomy paper
- Psilocybe azurescens cultivation
- Psilocybe azurescens Images
- Fungi described in 1995
- Psychoactive fungi
- Psychedelic tryptamine carriers
- Fungi of North America
- Fungi of New Zealand
- CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list
- Articles with ‘species’ microformats
- Commons category link from Wikidata
- This page was last edited on 9 August 2018, at 01:18 (UTC).
- Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ;
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