Nuclear Energy Research Paper nuclear energy The Impact of Nuclear Energy and Its Effects


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Nuclear Energy Research Paper

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Varma 1
Manas VarmaMs. Gardner English 10H, period 410 May, 2016Nuclear Energy:  !hoc”ing #e$ela%ion& gol'()all(si*ed lump o’ uranium +ould supply %he li’e%imes energy needs o’ a %ypical person, e-ui$alen% %o 6 %an”er %ruc”s o’ na%ural gas, /or 00 elephan%(si*ed )ags o’ coal 3onnor5. Nuclear energy has )een an issue o’ ho% de)a%e e$er since %he ‘irs% ‘e+ reac%ors +ere pioneered. !cien%is%s and cri%ics ha$e argued a)ou% %he )ene’i%s and dra+)ac”s o’ %his ‘orm o’ energy, )u% %he ni%ed !%a%es7 popula%ion s%ill seems +ary.8ecause o’ %his +ariness, %he ! has ‘allen )ehind in %erms o’ %he num)er o’ nuclear reac%ors ac%i$e $ersus places li”e #ussia and 9apan. he cons%ruc%ion o’ nuclear reac%ors +ould grea%ly )ene’i% our socie%y, as %his ‘orm o’ energy has a lo+er car)on ‘oo%prin% and is more e”icien% %han )urning coal. Nuclear energy is a +idely used sourceo’ energy in o%her par%s o’ %he +orld, )u% is no% )eing harnessed %o i%s ‘ull a)ili%ies )y %he ni%ed !%a%es, i% is also an e;%remely e”icien% +ay %o genera%e energy and is a sa’e al%erna%i$e ‘orm o’ energy, as i% limi%s %he car)on ‘oo%prin% and elimina%es %he )yproduc% o’ greenhouse gases %ha% are presen% +hen )urning coal.<ni%ially, one may )e dum)’ounded a% %he idea o’ nuclear energy, as %he e$en%s %ha% ha$e occurred in herno)yl and =u”ushima seem %o ha$e )rough% do+n %he ‘inal hammer on nuclear energy )y $alida%ing %heir danger %o %he en$ironmen%. #i” !%e$ens o’ %he >or%smou%h Herald insis%s %ha% &?pponen%s +orried @ and s%ill +orry @ a)ou% sa’e%y

 

Varma 2
and e$acua%ion plans %ha% %hey sco”ed +ould ne$er +or” during %he seacoas%s %ra”ic(cho”ed summer mon%hs 3!%e$ens5. he lingering ‘ears ‘rom %hese disas%ers has sho+n%he des%ruc%i$e capa)ili%ies o’ nuclear energy. Many people also )elie$e %ha% %here are o%her +ays %o produce energy, al)ei% +i%hou% %he ris”s. 9im #iccio, a Nuclear policy analys% ‘or Greenpeace, proposes %ha% &Ma”ing our )uildings more energy e”icien% is 10%imes more cos% e”ec%i$e %han ne+ nuclearA clean, rene+a)le energy ‘rom +ind and solar is ge%%ing cheaper as %echnology impro$es and mar”e%s e;pand 3#iccio5. <n essence, %he des%ruc%i$e capa)ili%ies demons%ra%ed )y %he mel%do+ns a% herno)yl and =u”ushima display dangerA ho+e$er, comparing %he energy and emission ou%pu%s, one can see %ha% in %he long %erm, nuclear energy is )ene’icial %o our socie%y and en$ironmen%. l%hough %here is al+ays a danger %ha% comes +i%h %he ad$en% o’ nuclear reac%ors, %he ! should s+i%ch %o using %his ‘orm o’ energy as one o’ i%s main suppliers as many o%hers ha$e already: according %o %he Borld Nuclear ssocia%ion, &%here are 4CD nuclear reac%or po+er plan%s across C1 coun%ries, curren%ly producing around 11 per cen% o’ glo)al elec%rici%y 3McHugh5. >ro’essor hris Greig s%a%es %ha% No% many ne+ plan%s are )eing )uil% in %he ‘irs% +orld so much, )u% i%s in %he de$eloping coun%ries +here +ere seeing -ui%e a lo% o’ ac%i$i%y 3-%d. =rom McHugh5. Here +e can see %he +ariness %o+ards nuclear energyA e$en %hough many de$eloping coun%ries ha$e alreadys%ar%ed on %his pa%h %o+ards cleaner energy. <ndia has around 20 reac%ors, +i%h 2 under planningA hina has 1D opera%ional, +i%h 0 under cons%ruc%ion 3McHugh5. <n addi%ion, =rance, a de$eloped coun%ry in %he hear% o’ Europe produces D per cen% o’ all i%s elec%rici%y ‘rom nuclear energy 3McHugh5. 8ased on %his in’orma%ion, one can see %ha%

 

Varma C
many o%her coun%ries, such as =rance, hina, and <ndia ha$e )egun %o use nuclear energy as one o’ %heir primary sources o’ energy. his sho+s %he le$el o’ %rus% many ha$e pu% in%o %his ‘orm o’ energy, promp%ing o%hers %o ‘ollo+ sui%.=ollo+ing %he onse% o’ more reac%ors, +e +ould also see energy e”iciency le$els s”yroc”e%. =or e;ample, >ro’essor ndre+ 8alm’ord, a conser$a%ion )iologis% a% am)ridgeA and >ro’essor im 8lac”)urn, an e;per% in )iodi$ersi%y a% ni$ersi%y ollegeFondon e;plain %ha% & gol'()all(si*ed lump o’ uranium +ould supply %he li’e%imes energy needs o’ a %ypical person, +hich is e-ui$alen% %o &6 %an”er %ruc”s o’ na%ural gas, /or 00 elephan%(si*ed )ags o’ coal 3onnor5. his mind )oggling comparison sho+s %he dispari%y )e%+een %he e”iciency o’ di”eren% ‘orms o’ energy, and clearly sho+s %ha% nuclear energy is %he mos% e”icien%. <n ‘ac%, >ro’essor 8arry 8roo” o’ %he ni$ersi%y o’ asmania argues %ha% ou% o’ se$en di”eren% energy sources %es%ed, nuclear energy had %he one o’ %he )es% energy(%o(cos% ra%ios 3onnor5. he +orld7s increasing popula%ion and %echnological ad$ancemen% also unco$ers a higher, e$er(gro+ing, energy demand. 9ames Hansen, en aldeira, erry Emanuel, and om Brigley, scien%is%s associa%ed +i%h maor research ins%i%u%ions, proclaim %ha% )ecause o’ %he rapidly rising demand o’ energy and as a resul% %he rising car)on emissions, our curren% sources o’ energy +ould ne$er )e a)le %o “eep up +i%h %he increased demand 38iron5. his leads us %o %urn %o al%erna%i$e ‘orms o’ energy in order %o ri$al %he rising demand, +i%hou% causing maor increases in greenhouse gas emissions, and nuclear energy seems li”e a per’ec% ‘i% %o increase %he energy ou%pu% +hile increasing e”iciency.l%ima%ely, nuclear energy is also e;%remely good ‘or %he en$ironmen% as i% produces close %o no emissions and greenhouse gases as %he uranium or %horium



























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