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Saturday, March 10, 2012



JOWETT

JOWETT 
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Benjamin (Benjamin) and William (William) Dzhouitty founded the company in manufacturing passenger cars in 1910, near Bradford, Yorkshire. Back in 1905, they collected his first two prototypes of the car. Having existed for 40 years, the firm has always followed his own path.

Dzhouitty Brothers and one of the IHRA models. In 1910 they opened a factory in Bradford, where more than 40 years built cars
Jowett tried to make the car as easy as possible, and cheaper, so up to the 30s. her car had opposed the horizontal two-cylinder engines. Only in 1936 it proposed a horizontal 4-cylinder engine. The changes in ownership of the company led to the brothers retired (1940). But the firm still continued to produce cost-effective and primitively equipped cars.
After the Second World War, the company abandoned the previous approach and is aimed at making the more expensive models, offering cutting-edge Javelin (“Dzhevlin”). It was a car with a steel monocoque body, bought the company Briggs Motor Bodies (“Briggs Motor Bodiz”) from Doncaster, with a horizontal 4-cylinder engine, the original torsion-spring suspension.

This logo Jowett carried two-seater sports car of Jupiter
Since Dzhouitty lost all connection with his firm, the majority of the shares was taken over by London-based bank Lazards (“Lazards”). For the sedan was released Javelin followed a small party of a sports car Jupiter (“Jupiter”). His high reputation was soon backed up by good performances in the rally and circuit racing. In 1950 he won in its class at Le Mans.

Project 2-seater sports car, “R4” was not implemented due to lack of funding in the 50s.
In the early 50s. reliability issues, especially the engine and transmission, impact on the sales of machines Javelin. By 1953 the plant has accumulated a lot of cars are not sold out. There was no choice, and production stopped. Since then, the development of new models, including a 2-seater sports “R4”, stopped, and the company began production of vans Bradford (“Bradford”). In 1954 the company acquired the plant Concern International Harvester (“International Harvester”).
Jowett Javelin (“Dzhouitt Dzhevlin”) 1947-1953
To create a post-war model, the company Jowett invited in 1942 by Gerald Palmer (Gerald Palmer), giving him complete creative freedom. The prototype was introduced in 1946, and the following year went on sale a completely new model of Javelin.

The car had a Javelin excellent driving characteristics and the original torsion-spring suspension
From the previous machine she inherited only garklzntayakgy 4-cylinder engine. It is an attractive sedan carrying the body (in many British publications called fastback) supplied the company Briggs Motor Bodies of Doncaster.

Jowett Javelin model is often taken part in circuit racing. In the photo in 1954: Javelin cars ahead of Aston Martin DB2
The new model in almost all respects to the UK was good, different fine features and good handling. So she soon won recognition and in motor racing, constantly involved in the ring-road racing and rallying.
In 1949, Javelin was ranked first in his class at the rally in Monte Carlo, as well as a 24-hour race in Spa, Belgium. Unfortunately, the high price of the model prevented its implementation in large quantities. In the early 50s. revealed problems with the engine and gearbox. Excellent performance and appearance did not save the reputation of the car and its production was completed in 1953 for six years, was manufactured 23,307 cars.

An attractive model for the body of a company supplying Javelin Briggs Motor Bodies of Doncaster

Characteristics (1947)
Engine: Horizontal overhead valve 4-cylinder
Bore and Stroke: 72,5 x90 mm
Displacement: 1486 cm3
Maximum power: 50 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: on the host body
Suspension: torsion bar, front independent, rear axle
Brakes: drum for all wheels
Body: 2-seater or four-seat sedan
Maximum speed: 132 km / h
Jowett Jupiter (“Dzhouitt Jupiter”), 1950-1954
Once the designer Gerald Palmer left the company Jowett, was replaced by Roy Lunn (Roy Lunn). At this time, management wanted to create your own sports car, but eventually signed a contract to develop a model for the firm of ERA Dunstable.

Jupiter took part in “Marathon Pirelli” (1990)
Called the first time, ERA-Javelin, the machine was upgraded from Javelin chassis and a new tubular frame design engineer of the former Auto Union (“Auto Union”), Professor von Eberana Eberhorsta (Eberan von Eberhorst). A car with a wheelbase of 2.36 meters was introduced in 1949 and went on sale under the name of Jupiter in the summer of 1950

For access to the engine lean the entire front part of the body
It was a pretty two-seater sports car, fast and agile by the standards of the 50-ies. with opening up the block ‘hood, fenders, front fascia, “which provided excellent access to the engine. Later this feature was used in the Austin-Healey Sprite (“Austin-Healey Sprite”). At the same time, the rear end was low and long, with no access from the outside in the luggage compartment.

The instrument panel has a tachometer, speedometer, temperature and oil pressure
Jupiter has had two serious problems: an expensive and complicated to manufacture the body and as a consequence, the high price. Hence, the low level of sales, although the ride qualities of the machine no doubt. During the three years of production there have been many minor improvements car design, but mainly the emergence of the trunk lid (option “Mk IA”). This led to a decrease in the size of the fuel tank.
A total of 825 complete vehicle sold, while another 75 finished the chassis set up a body of specialized firms. The replacement of Jupiter was to come “R4”, but was abandoned after the acquisition of Concern International Harvester.

The streamlined body of Jupiter provided a high maximum speed

Characteristics (1950)
Engine: Horizontal overhead valve 4-cylinder
Bore and Stroke: 72,5 x90 mm
Displacement: 1486 cm3
Maximum power: 60 hp
Transmission: 4-speed manual
Chassis: tubular steel frame on the
Suspension: torsion bar, front independent, rear axle
Brakes: drum
Body: 2-seater sports
Maximum speed: 142 km / h

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Jowett

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1906

1921.

November 1922.

June 1923.

1923. Jowett Sports

October 1923.

October 1923.

October 1923.

October 1923. Models, prices and specifications.

March 1924

1926. Jowett Type C. Exhibit at the Shuttleworth Collection .

September 1927.

1928. Jowett Long Four 7 hp. Reg No: FA328x.

February 1928

February 1928

June 1928.

September 1929.

October 1929.

October 1929.

May 1930.

May 1930.

October 1930.

October 1931.

September 1932.

September 1932.

September 1932.

October 1933.

October 1933.

October 1933.

October 1933.

October 1933.

May 1934.

1934. Jowett Long.

February 1935.

February 1935.

February 1935.

October 1936.

October 1936. Jowett Twin, 8 hp.

October 1936. Four cylinder.

1946.

Exhibit at the Brooklands Museum .

October 1949.

December 1950.

Jowett 7hp on display at the Bradford Industrial Museum .

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Jowett Praga B Aeroengine. Exhibit at the Shuttleworth Collection .

Jowett was a car marque from Bradford, England, from 1906 to 1954.

The company was founded by the brothers Ben Jowett and Willie Jowett with Arthur V. Lamb who started in the cycle business and went on to make V-twin engines for driving machinery; some found their way locally into other makes of cars as replacements.

In 1904 they became the Jowett Motor Manufacturing Company based in Back Burlington Street, Bradford.

1906 They designed their first car but as their little workshop was fully occupied in general engineering activities, experiments with different engine configurations, and making the first six Scott motorcycles it did not go into production until 1910. This car used an 816 cc 6-hp flat twin water-cooled engine and three-speed gearbox with tiller steering. The body was a lightweight open two seater. Twelve vehicles were made before an improved version with wheel steering was launched in 1913 and a further 36 were made before the outbreak of the First World War when the factory was turned over to munitions manufacture. Two tiller steerers still survive.

1906 February 14th. First Jowett registered under reg number AK 494.

1913-1917 For a list of the models and prices see the 1917 Red Book .

WWI They manufactured munitions and shell fuses.

After the war the company moved to the Springfield Works, Bradford Road, Idle, outside Bradford, and they changed the company name to Jowett Cars Ltd.

1920 Car making started at the new factory. The first vehicle was the Seven using an enlarged version of the pre-war flat twin first to 831 cc and then to 907cc in 1921. The engine developed its maximum torque at low revs and was soon famed for its pulling power, reliability and economy.

Commercial vehicles based on the car chassis were also built from 1922 and became an increasingly important part of the company’s output. Jowett first exhibited at the London Motor Show in 1921 and gradually broke out of their previous local market.

In 1923 coil ignition and electric starting were added and the four-seater “Long Four” was introduced in tourer form priced from £245 followed in 1925 by a closed saloon model, the previous short-chassis two-seater continuing in production. In 1929, the engine received removable cylinder heads to ease maintenance and braking was on all four wheels. Production was briefly suspended in September 1931 when fire swept through the works.

1934 saw the launch of the Kestrel with four speed gearbox and in 1935 there was the oddly named Weasel sports tourer. The first four-cylinder (flat four) car arrived in 1936 with the 1166cc twin carburettor Ten which continued until the outbreak of war alongside the traditional twin cylinder models which grew to 946cc in 1937.

In 1935 the company went public. Directors were Benjamin Jowett, William Jowett, Clarence William Jowett , Gladney Haigh , Stephen Carey Poole , Norman Snell and Harry Woodhead . [1]

1936 Benjamin Jowett retired.

Brother William carried on until 1940.

1940 Production of cars stopped in 1940 but engine production for motor-generator sets continued alongside aircraft components and other military hardware. The company was bought by property developer Charles Clore in 1945 and he sold it in 1947 to the bankers Lazard Brothers and Co .

WWII Manufactured parts for the De Havilland Mosquito .

WWII Produced WP (War Production) engines. These were flat twin-cylinder types and around 4,232 were made. [2]

When production restarted after the Second World War, the twin-cylinder engine was dropped from the range of new cars, but continued in 1,005cc form to the end of production in the commercials, now comprising a light lorry, the Bradford van, two versions of an estate car called the Utility, and chassis front-ends and kits for outside coachbuilders, many abroad. The new cars were a complete change from what had gone before with the streamlined Javelin designed by a team led by Gerald Palmer. This had such advanced features as a flat four push-rod engine, independent front suspension with torsion bars front and rear and unitary body construction. The car was good for 80 mph and had excellent handling.

In 1950 the Javelin was joined by the Jupiter sports with a chassis designed by Eberan von Eberhorst who had worked for Auto Union. Javelins were designed for production levels never before attempted by Jowett with Javelin and Bradford body production out-sourced to Briggs Motor Bodies who built a plant at Doncaster. The Jupiters were always built in-house. The new mechanicals had teething troubles but Javelin bodies were still being mass produced to the original schedule leading to them being stockpiled.

1951 Exhibitor at the 1951 Motor Show in the Car Section.

This over-optimism was the company’s downfall, even after the engine and gearbox problems were solved, the Idle plant was never able to build, or the distribution network to sell, the expected volume and this led to the inevitable suspension of Javelin production in 1953 together with the by now outdated Bradford. Jupiters remained in demand and were built up to the end of 1954.

The company did not go broke, but sold their factory to International Harvester , who undertook to continue to supply spares for some time.

1955 Switched to manufacturing aircraft parts for the Blackburn and General Aircraft Co in a disused woollen mill at Howden Clough, Birstall, near Batley.

1956 Taken over by Blackburn. Spares for the postwar cars were also kept available.

The company became Jowett Engineering

All activity ceased in 1963 with the rationalisation of the aircraft industry.

List of Models

  • Jowett: 6-hp 1906-14
  • Jowett: 7-hp 1919-30
  • Jowett: 7-hp Long 1930-36
  • Jowett: Ten 1936-40
  • Jowett: Eight 1937-40
  • Jowett: Black Prince
  • Jowett: Kestrel
  • Jowett: Flying Fox
  • Jowett: Weasel
  • Jowett: Blackbird
  • Jowett: Bradford 1946-53
  • Jowett: Javelin 1947-53
  • Jowett: Jupiter 1950-53
  • Jowett: R4 1953
  • Jowett: Commercial Vehicles

Jason, Black Prince, Curlew, Kestrel, Falcon, Long Four, Focus, Kingfisher, Black Prince, Wren, Grey Knight, Silverdale, Chummy, 7cwt Van, Short Two.

See Also

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Sources of Information

  1. The Times, Monday, Mar 25, 1935
  2. -Z of British Stationary Engines by Patrick Knight. Published 1996. ISBN 1 873098 37 5
  • [1] Wikipedia
  • Mosquito by C. Martin Sharp and Michael J. F. Bowyer. Published by Crecy Books in 1995. ISBN 0-947554-41-6
  • British Motor Cars 1950/51
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