Genesis 9:21 But when he drank some of its wine, he became drunk …
Thursday, February 21, 2019

Genesis 9:21 But when he drank some of its wine, he became drunk …

Noah’s wine

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A depiction from the Holkham Bible c. 1320 AD showing Noah and his sons making wine

Noah’s wine is a colloquial allusion meaning alcoholic beverages . [1] The advent of this type of beverage and the discovery of fermentation are traditionally attributed, by explication from biblical sources, to Noah. The phrase has been used in both fictional and nonfictional literature.

Contents

  • 1 Definition and origin
  • 2 Description and usage
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References

Definition and origin[ edit ]

“Noah’s wine” refers to alcoholic beverages. [1] In the Bible , the few chapters that come between the creation of Adam and the birth of Noah contain no mention of alcoholic drinks. [2] [3] After the account of the great flood , the biblical Noah is said to have cultivated a vineyard , made wine, and become intoxicated . [4] [5] Thus, the discovery of fermentation is traditionally attributed to Noah because this is the first time alcohol appears in the Bible. [6] Noah’s wine has been described as a “pleasant relief for man from the toilsome work of the crop”. [7]

There is debate as to whether certain references to wine in the Bible are actually to a non-intoxicating substance, but, at least in this passage, the Bible states Noah became drunk after consuming wine. [8] It has been suggested that Noah’s wine must have been drugged as it could not have been strong enough to cause him to become intoxicated. [9] Rabbinic literature goes as far as to suggest that the grape vine-branch had its origins with Adam, and that Satan , along with fertilization using animal blood, played a part in the production of the wine. It blames those factors (especially the latter two) for the aforementioned potency of the wine. [10] [2]

From a biblical view, fermented beverages presumably spread throughout the world after Noah’s supposed discovery, as alcoholic beverages are historically widespread. [11] Some climates are not suited for the growing of grapes; hence it is purported that humanity was led to discover other means (e.g. beer ) of not simply satisfying thirst but also stimulating the mind. [11]

Description and usage[ edit ]

A journal, at the end of the nineteenth century published the following: “Man has been defined, perhaps somewhat crudely, says Food and Cookery, as an animal that prefers a properly cooked meal to raw food, and Noah’s wine to Adam’s ale.” [12]

Madeleine L’Engle used the term in her 1986 novel, Many Waters , [13] and David Garnett used the phrase in his 1963 novel, Two by Two: A Story of Survival. [14] Elizabeth Barrett Browning ‘s 1856 epic poem , Aurora Leigh has the following lines: “For everywhere/ We’re too materialistic,—eating clay,/ (Like men of the west) instead of Adam’s corn/ And Noah’s wine.” [15]

A work criticizing drunkenness from 1899 states:

Noah survived one flood, only to be the source of another; a flood that for its disastrous results and heartrending consequences has outrivaled the flood of his preserver, for the sparkling, crimson fluid from Noah’s wine press has … [been the cause] of misery [for] millions of helpless, struggling, pitiful human objects, carrying them on and on to an ocean of woe—to a deep, dark sea of oblivion. [16]

See also[ edit ]

  • Adam’s ale – a term that refers to water
  • Noah’s Ark – the vessel in the Genesis flood narrative
  • Goblet Glass (Banquet).svg Drink portal

References[ edit ]

  1. ^ a b Wilson, Hanneke (2003). Wine and Words in Classical Antiquity and the Middle Ages . Bristol Classical Press. p. 19. ISBN   978-0715632239 .

  2. ^ a b Epochs And Episodes Of History . Ward, Lock, & Co. 1882. pp. 673–674, Adam’s Ale and Noah’s Wine. ISBN   978-1172715954 .
  3. ^ Genesis 1-6
  4. ^ Genesis 9:20 , Genesis 9:21
  5. ^ Bayley, Frederick William N. (1833). The National Standard of Literature, Science, Music, Theatricals, and the Fine Arts Volume 1-3 Issue 57 . Thomas Hurst. p. 28, The Patrearch’s Penchant. ISBN   978-1130586275 .
  6. ^ Jeffrey, David Lyle (1992). “Adam’s ale”. A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature . Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 21. ISBN   0-8028-3634-8 .
  7. ^ Mathews, Kenneth A. (1996). The New American Commentary, Vol. 1A . Broadman & Holman Publishers. Genesis 9:21, p. 416. ISBN   0-8054-0101-6 .
  8. ^ Holyoake, George Jacob (1854). The Reasoner: Gazette of Secularism, Volume 17 Issues 423-449 . Holyoake and Co. pp. 264-265, The Bible and Teetotalism, by Zeta. ISBN   978-1277283877 .
  9. ^ Parsons, Rev. Benjamin (1841). The Wine Question Settled . John Snow. p. 73, Ancient Wines, Chapter IV. ISBN   978-1287406723 .
  10. ^
    Two sources for Noah ‘s entry in The Jewish Encyclopedia :

    • Singer, Isidore, ed. (1905). “A Descriptive Record of the History, Religion, Literature, and Customs of the Jewish People from the Earliest Times to the Present Day.” . The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1. Funk and Wagnalls Co. p. 321, NOAH.- In Apocryphal and Rabbinical Literature: His Lapse. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
    • “Noah – Jewish Encyclopedia.com” . JewishEncyclopedia.com 2002. 1901. Retrieved August 13, 2015.

  11. ^ a b Salem, F. W. (1880). Beer, Its History and Its Economic Value as a National Beverage . F. W. Salem and Co. p. 38, Beer a Substitute for Wine. ISBN   978-1475252194 .
  12. ^ Dietetic and Hygienic Gazette, Volume 15 . The Food and Drink of Men. The Gazette Publishing Co. 1899. p. 332.
  13. ^ L’Engle, Madeleine (1986). Many Waters . Farrar, Straus and Giroux. p. 112. ISBN   0-312-36861-5 .
  14. ^ Garnett, David (1964). Two by two: a story of survival . Longmans. p. 10.
  15. ^ Browning, Elizabeth Barrett (1898). Aurora Leigh . J. M. Dent and Co. pp. 311–312. ISBN   978-0199552337 .
  16. ^ Unkard, D. R. (1899). An Aged Sin Or The Modern Curse: Drunkenness a Product of the Ark, a Poor Heritage for the People . R. Stanley & Co., Pittsburgh, PA. p. 5, An Aged Sin. ISBN   978-1173760885 .
  • v
  • t
  • e
Noah’s Ark media
Theology
Source
  • Genesis flood narrative in the Book of Genesis
Characters
  • Noah
  • Shem
  • Ham
  • Japheth
  • Wives aboard Noah’s Ark
Related
  • Book of Noah
  • Generations of Noah
  • Gopher wood
  • Noah’s wine
  • Seven Laws of Noah
Media
Television
  • Captain Noah and His Magical Ark (1967)
  • Noah’s Island (1997)
  • Noah’s Ark (1999)
  • ” Homer and Ned’s Hail Mary Pass ” (2005, The Simpsons episode)
  • ” This Is the Way the World Ends ” (2011, Dexter episode)
  • The Ark (2015)
Film
  • Noah’s Ark (1928)
  • Father Noah’s Ark (1933)
  • The Bible: In the Beginning… (1966)
  • O Trapalhão na Arca de Noé (1983)
  • La Biblia en pasta (1984)
  • Angel’s Egg (1985)
  • Genesis: The Creation and the Flood (1994)
  • Noah (1998)
  • Fantasia 2000 (1999)
  • Raining Cats and Frogs (2003)
  • Noah’s Ark (2007)
  • Evan Almighty (2007)
  • 40 Days and Nights (2012)
  • Noah (2014)
  • Ooops! Noah Is Gone… (2015)
  • The Ark and the Aardvark (2019)
Stage
  • The Flowering Peach (1954 play)
  • Two by Two (1970 musical)
Opera
  • Il diluvio universale (1830)
  • Le Déluge (1875)
  • Noé (1885)
  • Noye’s Fludde (1958)
Songs
  • ” The Unicorn ” (1968)
  • ” Captain Noah and His Floating Zoo ” (1970)
  • ” The Prophet’s Song ” (1975)
  • ” Animals ” (1980)
  • ” Forever Not Yours ” (2002)
Games
  • Noah’s Ark (1992)
  • Super 3D Noah’s Ark (1994)
Literature
  • Doctor Dolittle and the Secret Lake (1948)
  • The Moon in the Cloud (1969)
  • Noah’s Ark (1977)
  • Not Wanted on the Voyage (1984)
  • Noah’s Brother (1985)
  • Many Waters (1986)
  • Not the End of the World (2004)
Other cultures
  • Flood myth
  • Sumerian creation myth
  • Gilgamesh flood myth
  • Ancient Greek flood myths
  • Finnish flood myth
  • Great Flood of China
  • Mesoamerican flood myths
  • Cessair
  • Bergelmir
  • Noah in Islam
  • Noah in rabbinic literature
  • Peluda
Science
  • Black Sea deluge hypothesis
  • Flood geology
  • Searches for Noah’s Ark
  • In Search of Noah’s Ark
  • Mountains of Ararat
  • Mount Judi
  • Mosque of Ibn Tulun
  • Ararat anomaly
  • Durupınar site
Other
  • Noah’s Ark replicas and derivatives
  • Boner’s Ark
  • Noah’s Ark silver coins

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        Bible > Genesis > Chapter 9 > Verse 21
        ◄ Genesis 9:21 ►
         SUM   PIC   XRF   DEV   STU 
        Verse   (Click for Chapter)
        New International Version
        When he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and lay uncovered inside his tent.

        New Living Translation
        One day he drank some wine he had made, and he became drunk and lay naked inside his tent.

        English Standard Version
        He drank of the wine and became drunk and lay uncovered in his tent.

        Berean Study Bible
        But when he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and uncovered himself inside his tent.

        New American Standard Bible
        He drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent.

        King James Bible
        And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

        Christian Standard Bible
        He drank some of the wine, became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent.

        Contemporary English Version
        One day he got drunk and was lying naked in his tent.

        Good News Translation
        After he drank some of the wine, he became drunk, took off his clothes, and lay naked in his tent.

        Holman Christian Standard Bible
        He drank some of the wine, became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent.

        International Standard Version
        He drank some of the wine, got drunk, and lay down naked right in the middle of his tent.

        NET Bible
        When he drank some of the wine, he got drunk and uncovered himself inside his tent.

        New Heart English Bible
        He drank of the wine and got drunk. He was uncovered within his tent.

        GOD’S WORD® Translation
        He drank some wine, got drunk, and lay naked inside his tent.

        JPS Tanakh 1917
        And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

        New American Standard 1977
        And he drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent.

        Jubilee Bible 2000
        and he drank of the wine and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

        King James 2000 Bible
        And he drank of the wine, and was drunk; and he was uncovered within his tent.

        American King James Version
        And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

        American Standard Version
        and he drank of the wine, and was drunken. And he was uncovered within his tent.

        Brenton Septuagint Translation
        And he drank of the wine, and was drunk, and was naked in his house.

        Douay-Rheims Bible
        And drinking of the wine was made drunk, and was uncovered in his tent.

        Darby Bible Translation
        And he drank of the wine, and was drunken, and he uncovered himself in his tent.

        English Revised Version
        and he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

        Webster’s Bible Translation
        And he drank the wine, and was drunken, and he was uncovered within his tent.

        World English Bible
        He drank of the wine and got drunk. He was uncovered within his tent.

        Young’s Literal Translation
        and drinketh of the wine, and is drunken, and uncovereth himself in the midst of the tent.

        Study Bible

        Noah’s Shame and Canaan’s Curse
        20Now Noah, a man of the soil, proceeded to plant a vineyard. 21 But when he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and uncovered himself inside his tent. 22Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father’s nakedness and told his two brothers outside.…

        Berean Study Bible · Download
        Cross References
        Genesis 9:20
        Now Noah, a man of the soil, proceeded to plant a vineyard.

        Proverbs 20:1
        Wine is a mocker, strong drink is a brawler, and whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

        Treasury of Scripture

        And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent.

        and was.

        Genesis 6:9
        These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.

        Genesis 19:32-36
        Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father…

        Proverbs 20:1
        Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

        and he.

        Habakkuk 2:15,16
        Woe unto him that giveth his neighbour drink, that puttest thy bottle to him, and makest him drunken also, that thou mayest look on their nakedness! …

        Revelation 3:18
        I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.

        Lexicon

        But when he drank
        וַיֵּ֥שְׁתְּ (way·yê·šət)
        Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
        Strong’s Hebrew 8354: To imbibe

        some of
        מִן־ (min-)
        Preposition
        Strong’s Hebrew 4480: A part of, from, out of

        its wine,
        הַיַּ֖יִן (hay·ya·yin)
        Article | Noun – masculine singular
        Strong’s Hebrew 3196: Wine, intoxication

        he became drunk
        וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑ר (way·yiš·kār)
        Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
        Strong’s Hebrew 7937: To become tipsy, to satiate with a, stimulating drink, influence

        and uncovered himself
        וַיִּתְגַּ֖ל (way·yiṯ·gal)
        Conjunctive waw | Verb – Hitpael – Consecutive imperfect – third person masculine singular
        Strong’s Hebrew 1540: To denude, to exile, to reveal

        inside
        בְּת֥וֹךְ (bə·ṯō·wḵ)
        Preposition-b | Noun – masculine singular construct
        Strong’s Hebrew 8432: A bisection, the centre

        his tent.
        אָהֳלֹֽה׃‪‬ (’ā·ho·lōh)
        Noun – masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
        Strong’s Hebrew 168: A tent

        Ellicott’s Commentary for English Readers

        (21) He was uncovered is, literally, he uncovered himself. It was no accident, but a wilful breach of modesty.

        Pulpit Commentary

        Verse 21.And he drank of the wine. יַיִן; “perhaps so called from bubbling up and fermenting;” connected with יָוַן (Gesenius). Though the first mention of wine in Scripture, it is scarcely probable that the natural process of fermentation for so many centuries escaped the notice of the enterprising Cainites, or even of the Sethites; that, “though grapes had been in use before this, wine had not been extracted from them” (Murphy); or that Noah was unacquainted with the nature and effects of this intoxicating liquor (Chrysostom, Theodoret, Keil, Lunge). The article before יַיִן indicates that the patriarch was “familiar with the use and treatment” of the grape (Kalisch); and Moses does not say this was the first occasion on which the patriarch tasted the fermented liquor (Calvin, Wordsworth). And was drunken. The verb שָׁכַר (whence shechar, strong drink, Numbers 28:7 ), to drink to the full, very often signifies to make oneself drunken, or simply to be intoxicated as the result of drinking; and that which the Holy Spirit here reprobates is not the partaking of the fruit of the vine, but the drinking so as to be intoxicated thereby. Since the sin of Noah cannot be ascribed to ignorance, it is perhaps right, as well as charitable, to attribute it to ago and inadvertence. Six hundred years old at the time of the Flood, he must have been considerably beyond this when Ham saw him overtaken in his fault, since Canaan was Ham’s fourth son ( Genesis 10:6 ), and the first was not born till after the exit from the ark ( Genesis 8:18 ). But from whatever cause induced, the drunkenness of Noah was not entirely guiltless; it was sinful in itself, and led to further shame. And he was uncovered. Literally, he uncovered himself. Hithpael of גָּלַה, to make naked, which more correctly indicates the personal guilt of the patriarch than the A.V., or the LXX., ἐγυμνώθη. That intoxication tends to sensuality cf. the cases of Lot ( Genesis 19:33 ), Ahasuerus ( Esther 1:10, 11 ), Belshazzar ( Daniel 5:1-6 ). Within his tent. Ἐν τῷ οἴκῷ αὐτοῦ (LXX.).

        Matthew Henry Commentary

        9:18-23 The drunkenness of Noah is recorded in the Bible, with that fairness which is found only in the Scripture, as a case and proof of human weakness and imperfection, even though he may have been surprised into the sin; and to show that the best of men cannot stand upright, unless they depend upon Divine grace, and are upheld thereby. Ham appears to have been a bad man, and probably rejoiced to find his father in an unbecoming situation. It was said of Noah, that he was perfect in his generations, ch.

        Genesis 9:21 Commentaries
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        Alphabetical: and became drank drunk he himself his inside its lay of some tent the uncovered When wine

        OT Law: Genesis 9:21 He drank of the wine and got (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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